Diabetic Macular Edema

By Prianka Persad
20th May 2019

<h1>DIABETIC MACULAR EDEMA</h1> <p><strong>WHAT IS DIABETIC MACULAR EDEMA?</strong></p> <p>Diabetic Macular Edema (DME) is a complication of diabetes caused by fluid accumulation in the macula, the central portion of the retina, where vision is the sharpest. The macula is the part of the retina responsible for sharp, central vision. Vision loss from DME can result in severe blurred vision.</p> <p><strong>WHAT CAUSES DIABETIC MACULAR EDEMA?</strong> DME results from a complication of diabetes known as diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is a disease that damages the blood vessels in the eye, resulting in visual impairment. DME can occur at any stage of diabetic retinopathy, although it is more likely to occur as the disease progresses.</p> <p><strong>SYMPTOMS OF DIABETIC MACULAR EDEMA</strong></p> <ol> <li> <ul> <li>Blurred vision</li> </ul> </li> <li> <ul> <li>Vision becomes wavy</li> </ul> </li> <li> <ul> <li>Decrease in vision</li> </ul> </li> </ol> <p><strong>TREATMENT FOR DIABETIC MACULAR EDEMA</strong> Consultation and discussion with your eye specialist is needed to determine the best treatment for an individual’s situation. However, treating DME include:</p> <ol> <li> <ul> <li>Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) injections which can reverse or stop abnormal blood vessel growth or the effects of inflammation in the eye.</li> </ul> </li> <li> <ul> <li>Corticosteroid injections which involves an injection or implant of steroids into the eye to decrease swelling.</li> </ul> </li> <li> <ul> <li>Laser procedures which uses laser light to close leaking blood vessels therefore preventing more fluid from entering the macula.</li> </ul> </li> </ol> <p><img src="https://retinaeyedoctor.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/JD_SUVR0017.jpg" alt=""></p> <p><strong>PREVENTION</strong></p> <ol> <li> <ul> <li>Ensure good blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels are maintained.</li> </ul> </li> <li> <ul> <li>Get a comprehensive dilated eye exam at least once a year.</li> </ul> </li> <li> <ul> <li>Exercise regularly</li> </ul> </li> <li> <ul> <li>Maintain a healthy diet</li> </ul> </li> </ol>